MoS2 low friction coatings (also known as molybdenum disulfide, also spelled, disulphide) are regarded the most widely used form of solid film lubrication today. What makes them unique (with the other dichalcogenides) is the weak atomic interaction (Van der Waals) of the sulfide anions, while covalent bonds within molybdenum are strong.Thus, lubrication relies on slippage along the sulfur atoms. All the properties of the lamella structure are intrinsic. No external form of moisture is required. In fact, best performance from MoS2 low friction coatings is attained in the absence of water vapor, which are prone to surface adsorption. This makes them ideal under vacuum.There are a number of methods to apply MoS2 low friction coatings, including a simple rubbing or burnishing, air-spraying resin-bonded or inorganically bonded coatings, and more recently by sputtering through physical vapor deposition (PVD).Thickness will vary, depending on form of MoS2 low friction coatings, but typically ranges between 5 to 15 micrometer. Sputtering techniques can produce thin films of 0.2 micrometer. While plasma sprays will result in higher builds, beginning at 0.003 inch or more.Friction coefficient less than 0.05 is attainable, but will also vary with humidity and sliding conditions. Tests show friction decreases with increasing vacuum strength. Friction also lowers with higher load, faster surface speed, or both. In fact, MoS2 low friction coatings are superior to both graphite and tungsten disulfide (WS2). Friction with MoS2 low friction coatings is independent of particle size, though the larger particles can carry more load.Dry lubrication for MoS2 low friction coatings remains superior at higher temperatures, with oxidation rates remaining relatively low at temperatures up to 600 degrees Fahrenheit. And in dry, oxygen-free atmospheres, lubricating performance, even with oxidation products, is stable to 1300 degrees Fahrenheit.Higher air flow can affect oxidation kinetic rates in atmosphere. Molybdenum oxide products (MoO3) and sulfur dioxide. Since MoO3 alone offers dry lubrication, based on its relative softness, molybdenum disulfide coating are ideal in higher temperature environments. At higher temperatures, though, they are better suited under vacuum. In atmosphere, they are prone to water adsorption from air based on their hygroscopic properties.As with the other dry film lubricants, while differences may prove negligible, you will have to determine which is better for you: longer wear life or better performance, using MoS2 low friction coatings. Generally, friction will be slightly higher by coating both surfaces, rather than coating one surface only. But wear life will increase coating both surfaces.Friction can be good in so many areas of life. Without it we could not easily stop and start our motion, or change direction. But in moving machinery, friction causes considerable loss of energy, poorer performance, not to mention limiting wear life.As with many non-lubricated systems, the static coefficient of friction is higher than the dynamic coefficient of friction. The resultant motion is often referred to as ‘stick-slip’. Basically, the two surfaces stick together until the elastic energy within the system has accumulated to some threshold, where a sudden, forward slip takes place. Under magnification, it’s apparent the union of two surfaces is often limited to intimate contact only at the tips of a few of the asperities (small scale, surface irregularities). At these point areas, pressures relating to contact may be near the hardness of the softer material. Thus, plastic deformation occurs on some localized scale. This is known as cold welding. Where bonded junctions are formed between two materials.For lubrication to occur, these bonds, this adhesive component of friction, must be broken. And this is where products like MoS2 low friction coatings serve well.So, where are these products used today? Consider aerospace, automotive, marine and electronic, for starters. There, you’ll find MoS2 low friction coatings, again and again.
How wonderful it is to proudly browse the wide selection of Ontario’s wines at your local LCBO. Knowing that your own winery is both a driving force in the Canadian economy and an innovator of the local wine industry can certainly be rewarding, both personally and professionally.From challenges to opportunitiesQuite often the goal of a grape grower to produce a consistent, high-quality brand of wine is met with many unexpected challenges. With the erratic situation of the Canadian economy following the recession, wine makers of Ontario struggle to produce at the risk of manufacturing downsizing. In addition to economic factors, the wine industry of Ontario is faced with a higher stringency under Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA) regulations, and the push from Wine Council of Ontario (WCO) to raise industry standards by participating in programs like Sustainable Winemaking Ontario.For the individual winery of Ontario, keeping up with competition means continuously utilizing new technologies and finding innovative ways to provide a premium product, despite such challenges. Simply put, this boils down to having the necessary financial opportunities become available to maintain a healthy competition. Are these opportunities available to the wine industry of Ontario? Yes – SR&ED is the answer!The SR&ED programThe SR&ED program (Scientific Research & Experimental Development) aims to reimburse companies for their experimental development expenses. For over 20 years and with about $4 billion a year in funding, it remains the largest single source of federal funding for R&D in Canada. The goal is to make creativity and innovation affordable in the Canadian business environment and foster future development.The program is highly relevant to businesses who are naturally involved in shop-floor
experimentation. R&D projects that qualify under the program include (1) work undertaken for the purpose of achieving technological advancement and/or (2) creating new, or improving existing materials, devices, products or processes. The actual refund amount depends on proper identification and qualification of eligible expenditures.Wineries in Ontario serve as ideal candidates for such funding. Typical SR&ED eligible activities that apply to the wine industry include:Developing new wines
Altering soil chemistry
Handling and harvesting technology
Improved bottling techniques
Altering practice as result of the weather
Wineries and growers may be regularly overcoming such obstacles in daily operation. Your innovative solutions to these problems may very well qualify you for some SR&ED funding. The program supports any attempts to improve your business operations, even if they do not prove successful.Which costs qualify?Working on new ideas takes time, wastes material and requires equipment modification. The SR&ED program allows retrieving these expenses:68% of wages and salaries of personnel directly involved in R&D
41% of sub-contractor expenses
22% of capital expenditures
The refund has no strings attached – as a winery owner you are free to spend it anyway you like – buy new equipment, attempt new projects, or give everyone a big bonus – the decision is yours!How we can help?Submitting a SR&ED claim is a fairly complex and time consuming process. It involves properly identifying eligible activities within your business, associating the appropriate costs to these projects and completing a highly technical report to support the claim.Using the extensive experience of a professional consultancy like ourselves, business owners have the opportunity to review their potential for qualification, and complete the application process in a few hours, and with no up-front costs. We get paid when you do!Discovering that your business is eligible for SR&ED funding makes a world of difference. The goal is to help your winery take potential technical risks that will eventually lead to significant improvements in your industry.
Vemma is a Network Marketing Company that promoted liquid nutritional beverages featuring the world renowned Magnosteen fruit. VEMMA is part of the next Trillion Dollar Industry. VEMMA NEXT is the most comprehensive and finest children nutrition formula available.VEMMA stands for vitamins,essential minerals, mangosteen and aloe and comes as two liquid drinks to be mixed together and consumed daily instead of taking more conventional vitamin/mineral supplements. VEMMA, and most mangosteen products sold in the United States. VEMMA sells products that are just making a killing in the health and wellness industry right now.VEMMA looks like a great company with a strong product backing it, but your success in a company like this will stem off your ability to market well and work with a team of people who are motivated and success-oriented. VEMMA mangosteen juice contains 12 vitamins,aloe Vera,essential minerals and green tea.VEMMA was launched because we know that what currently works extremely well in the Mult Level Marketing Industry is a single product focus. VEMMA is a proven company, employing the best of the best, and is creating an outstanding opportunity.VEMMA NEXT will not only help one child’s health, but also the health of a child somewhere in the world.Mangosteen, one of the highly touted components, is a tropical fruit prized for delicate taste. Mangosteen trees are native to Malaysia but grow elsewhere in the tropics, mostly in India,Thailand,Vietnam and other parts of southeast Asia. Mangosteen juice comes from the mangosteen fruit, just as orange juice comes from an orange.Mangosteen’s juicy layers of deep rich-red pericarp has special compounds hidden inside, and therefore it has gained popularity for it’s use with a number of beneficial properties. Mangosteen is a familiar nutrient in the nutrition drinks specially those that are marketed by the Multi Level Marketing Business style. Mangosteen, are rare nourishing fruit, is one of the main ingredients of this health drink. Mangosteen is the major nutrient being promoted.Vere is what you would commonly call an energy drink, which as you have probably heard, are being consumed faster than they can be put on the shelves these days. Vere contains more natural ingredients compared to brands like Red Bull,Monster and Rockstar and is definitely a healthier choice.Vere runs $65 for a 24 pack of 8 oz bottles or a 24 pack of 3oz shot bottles. Vere is a radical energy drink that offers serious nutrition to go along with that energy burst people crave. Vere let’s you tap into the $5 billion youth-oriented energy drink market.VEMMA is also partnering with the wonderful non-profit Children’s Miracle Network. VEMMA is rapidly helping thousands of people reach their dreams and create the lifestyle they are looking for in a business. VEMMA is a proven company creating an outstanding opportunity for everyone.Vemma has a great product and a business plan in place to help the masses if they are willing to put in the work. The products are outstanding to the point a certain Doctor you see on TV all the time has put his seal of approval on all of VEMMAS products.So there is my review of VEMMA, Just remember no matter what opportunity you are involved with, go after your DREAMS, Live life to the fullest and most of all have fun!